which research question addresses an ultimate cause of behavior?

5 years ago. Cognitive learning is not limited to primates, although they are the most efficient in using it. Others have argued that the terms “selfish” and “altruistic” should be dropped completely when discussing animal behavior, as they describe human behavior and may not be directly applicable to instinctual animal activity. This is another type of non-associative learning, but is very important in the maturation process of these animals as it encourages them to stay near their mother so they will be protected, greatly increasing their chances of survival. Here there is a communal courting area where several males perform elaborate displays for females, and the females choose their mate from this group. The role of pheromones in human-to-human communication is still somewhat controversial and continues to be researched. In some animals, such as the gray wolf, these associations can last much longer, even a lifetime. In arid, food-poor habitats, A. aperta is more aggressive to potential prey and to other spiders in defense of its web, and it returns to foraging more quickly following disturbance. The International Crane Foundation has helped raise the world’s population of whooping cranes from 21 individuals to about 600. They become more vigilant and group in tightly packed schools. During conditioning, every time the animal was given food, the bell was rung. In contrast, in many species of insect, mating rituals include characteristic songs that are under direct genetic control. This organism swims using its cilia, at times moving in a straight line, and at other times making turns. Ultimate questions address the evolutionary significance of a behavior and why natural selection favors this behavior. After the conditioning period was finished, the dog would respond by salivating when the bell was rung, even when the unconditioned stimulus, the food, was absent. loz. For example, increased day length has little adaptive significance for red-crowned cranes, but because it corresponds to seasonal conditions that increase reproductive success, such as the availability of food for feeding young birds, breeding when days are long is a proximate mechanism that has evolved in cranes. Examples of such behaviors are seen widely across the animal kingdom. Yellow-throat males are nonterritorial and use sneaky tactics to mimic females and sneak copulations. This species includes three genetically distinct male types—alpha, beta, and gamma. Imprinting hatchlings has been a key to success: biologists wear full crane costumes so the birds never “see” humans. Animals communicate with each other using stimuli known as signals. Yet, proximate and ultimate causes deal with questions of how and why and both have applications in other fields. Because some environments are more stable than others, animals may use different kinds of information for spatial learning in different environments. A good classroom action research question should be meaningful, compelling, and important to you as a teacher-researcher. Emperor penguins migrate miles in harsh conditions to bring food back for their young. Zebra fish had no innate negative reaction to pike odor, but learned to associate pike odor with the alarm substance. The environmental survey questions and sample questionnaire template is an in-depth survey template that helps collect feedback about one’s perception of environmental pollution. Mule deer feed predominantly in open areas, avoiding forest edges and forest interiors. 3 Answers. In other cases, nearly all individuals in the population exhibit identical behavior, despite internal and external environmental differences during development and throughout life. What is behavior? This implies that they could visualize the result of stacking the boxes even before they had performed the action. The killdeer bird distracts predators from its eggs by faking a broken wing display in this video taken in Boise, Idaho. Researchers studied mule deer populations in Idaho to determine if they forage in a way that reduces their risk of falling prey to mountain lions. Before 1960, there were no westward-migrating blackcaps in Germany. This type of learning is much more powerful and versatile than conditioning. Concept 51.5 Natural selection favors behaviors that increase survival and reproductive success. The idea that behaviors evolved as a result of the pressures of natural selection is not new. Every natural environment shows spatial variation. Highly productive riparian sites are rich in prey for spiders, but the density of bird predators is also high. 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